The film was an uncredited adaptation of the Hollywood Western film "The Proud Rebel" (1958). It was remade in Tamil as "Ramu" (1966), in Telugu as "Ramu" (1968), and in Malayalam as "Babumon" (1975).
Singer and actor Kishore Kumar turned producer and director with this film. His son Amit Kumar also started his film career as a child actor in this film and was credited as Amit Gangoly. He was around 12 years old at the time. The real-life father and son played father and son in the film as well. Amit Kumar made his singing debut a few years later in the film "Door Ka Rahi" (1971).
Kishore Kumar commissioned his friend, actor Iftekhar, to create the artwork for the film's opening credits. Iftekhar also acted in the film.
The title of this film inspired the title of another Kishore Kumar film - "Mamta Ki Chhaon Mein" (1988).
Raahi Tu Mat Ruk Jaana (Door Gagan Ki Chhaon Mein) - According to Amit Kumar, R.D. Burman played the tune of this song on the harmonica for a background score theme in this film.[MR9]