The film was an adaptation of Rajendra Yadav's novel of the same title. The novel was first published as "Pret Bolte Hain" in 1951. In 1959, it was given a new title inspired by a line in Ramdhari Singh Dinkar's poem "Jayprakash". Filmmaker Basu Chatterjee used only the first part of the novel for the film. The film was shot in Rajendra Yadav's house in Agra.
This was producer, director Basu Chatterjee's first Hindi film. He won the Filmfare Award for Best Screenplay for it. The film was considered a pioneering work in India's New Wave cinema.
This was the only film in which filmmaker Mani Kaul had an acting role.